Interprofessional Education and Experiences Within Therapeutic Recreation Education


  • Melissa Zahl Oklahoma State University
  • Janell Greenwood BYU-Idaho
  • Kelly Ramella Arizona State University
  • Anne-Marie Sullivan Memorial University
  • Allison Wilder University of New Hampshire



Collaboration, health care professions, interprofessional education


Interprofessional education (IPE) has been defined as two or more students or professionals from different disciplines learning from, with, and about each other. It is anticipated that through a collaborative environment of interprofessional education, professionals gain the proficiencies to assure improved patient safety and quality of care. The purpose of this manuscript is to introduce the concept of IPE and highlight IPE in therapeutic recreation/ recreational therapy education. Three programs in Canada and the United States incorporate IPE in their programs: The Centre for Collaborative Health Professional Education at Memorial University in Canada, the University of New Hampshire College of Health and Human Services, and the Arizona State University Collaboratory on Central at the Westward Ho each offer students, faculty, and health-related colleagues collaborative learning and practice experiences. While these programs are grounded on the core competencies proposed by a panel of healthcare experts representing several peer professions, each of the selected sample programs has designed and implemented IPE in a unique way within their curriculum.

Author Biographies

Melissa Zahl, Oklahoma State University

Melissa Zahl, PhD, CTRS/L is an assistant professor at Oklahoma State University. She has 18 years experience as a practitioner in recreational therapy. Her research is focused on interventions effectiveness on outcomes provided by recreational and within physical medicine and rehabilitation

Janell Greenwood, BYU-Idaho

Janell Greenwood, MBA, CTRS has been in the TR field for over 15 years; she has served in several capacities including practitioner, educator, and administrator. She currently teaches at BYU-Idaho and oversees the Therapeutic Recreation Program

Allison Wilder, University of New Hampshire

Allison Wilder, PhD, CTRS/L is an associate professor at University of New Hampshire. She has over 20 years experience as a practitioner of recreation and recreational therapy. Her research is focused on both disability issues and the aging population, as they relate to leisure functions.





Invited Paper