Posttraumatic Growth and MetaHabilitation in Recreational Therapy Practice: A Strengths-Based Pathway to Recovery


  • Joyce Mikal-Flynn Sacramento State University
  • Lynn S. Anderson SUNY Cortland
  • Jamie Hoffman Sacramento State University



metahabilitation, posttraumatic growth, quality of life, recreational therapy/therapeutic recreation, well-being


Individuals experience trauma and crisis. The troubling effects of trauma are exacerbated when the estimation of resources needed to successfully manage such an event and life after is greater than a person’s perceived strengths and available assets. MetaHabilitation is a strengths-based rehabilitation framework recognizing and harnessing each person’s strengths and capacity for survival and more importantly, for posttraumatic growth. MetaHabilitation identifies critical events as vehicles that may provide profound and clear opportunities to find meaning in life, creatively restructure the self, build a new future, and encourage posttraumatic growth. This article provides support for the use of the MetaHabilitation model in strengths-based recreational therapy practice, as well as specific guidance for its application.Subscribe to TRJ

Author Biographies

Joyce Mikal-Flynn, Sacramento State University

Joyce Mikal-Flynn is an associate professor in the School of Nursing at Sacramento State University, Sacramento, CA. 

Lynn S. Anderson, SUNY Cortland

Lynn S. Anderson is a Distinguished Service Professor and the director of the Inclusive Recreation Resource Center at the State University of New York in Cortland, New York. 

Jamie Hoffman, Sacramento State University

Jamie Hoffman is an assistant professor in Recreation, Parks and Tourism Administration at Sacramento State University, Sacramento, CA. 






Conceptual Papers