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The International Classification of Functioning, Disability, and Health: Therapeutic Recreation Code Sets and Salient Diagnostic Core Sets

David Howard, Cari Browning, Youngkhill Lee


In 2001 the World Health Organization published their latest model for classifying health, human function, and disability. The International Classification of Functioning, Disability, and Health (ICF) is now gaining global acceptance and use in many sectors of government, health-care settings, social services, and health-related disciplines and organizations. In order to fully participate in the globalization of an increasing ICF-based health-related framework, the profession of therapeutic recreation needs to be aware and active in utilizing important concepts of the ICF within practice, research, and higher education. This article has two primary objectives. First, to identify and describe components of the ICF germane to therapeutic recreation/recreation therapy and functional outcomes. Second, to identify published literature that links the ICF to disease and population-specific diagnoses that therapeutic recreation specialists may find useful.


World Health Organization, ICF, therapeutic recreation, recreation therapy, code set, core set

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