Associations between Engagement Types, Outcome Behaviors, and Quality of Life for Adults with Dementia Participating in Intergenerational Programs


  • Megan C. Janke East Carolina University
  • I'Yanna Purnell
  • Clifton Watts East Carolina University
  • Kindal Shores East Carolina University



Alzheimer’s disease, engagement, intergenerational, recreational therapy, well-being


Research has suggested that intergenerational interactions have the potential to improve the quality of life for adults with dementia. However, few studies have examined what type of interactions in intergenerational programs may drive well-being. This study examined the outcomes of participation in an intergenerational program (IGP) among adults who reside in a shared site facility with daily IGP activities. The study observed adult participation and engagement in these intergenerational activities and explored the association between engagement patterns and quality of life using the Menorah Park Engagement Scale (MPES) and Quality of Life (QOL) in Dementia Scale (QUALID). Results indicated a significant relationship between some of the engagement types and behavioral outcomes during the IGPs as well as significant correlations between types of engagement and behavioral outcomes and QOL for participants. Implications for recreational therapists working with dementia populations are discussed.Subscribe to TRJ

Author Biographies

Megan C. Janke, East Carolina University

LRT/CTRSAssociate ProfessorDepartment of Recreation and Leisure Studies 

I'Yanna Purnell


Clifton Watts, East Carolina University

Department of Recreation and Leisure StudiesAssociate Professor 

Kindal Shores, East Carolina University

ProfessorDepartment of Recreation and Leisure Studies





Research Papers