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Fukushi (Social Welfare) Recreation in Japan

Hiroko Murray, Yoshifumi Tajima, Tadaaki Wakui, Takashi Wakano, Shinichi Nagata


Fukushi recreation is defined as recreation services that are provided in the context of fukushi (social welfare) services. The fukushi recreation worker certification emerged during 1970s and became the current fukushi recreation worker certification in 1990 through collaboration with the Japanese Certified Therapeutic Recreation Specialists (CTRS) returnees. Students enroll in the fukushi recreation worker training through correspondence education or through approved higher education institutions. It is possible to earn the certification within a year. Importantly, the number of fukushi recreation workers reached 10,224 in 2005; however, it has been declining significantly since. Recently, the Japanese government began supporting community-based programs through long-term care insurance. Increased funding is available for the community-based programs such as recreational activities; no other health care professions are currently trained to facilitate recreational activities.

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Curriculum; elderly care; fukushi recreation; Japan; longterm care insurance

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