Development of the Therapeutic Recreation Profession in Taiwan


  • Li-jung Lin National Taiwan Normal University



Aging, Taiwan, therapeutic recreation


This article introduces the development of therapeutic recreation in Taiwan. Existing professional organizations are identified. The Taiwanese definition of therapeutic recreation is to use diverse recreational activities with meaningful purpose, such as horse riding, chess, play balls, hiking, etc., to help people with imbalanced health conditions. Taiwan has rich resources for recreational activities and leisure services, which satisfy the needs of the general population; these programs rarely accommodate the needs of the populations with special needs. Taiwan has experienced rapid population aging, and the government invests financial resources to build aging care sites and activity centers to provide health-promotion activities.

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Author Biography

Li-jung Lin, National Taiwan Normal University

Li-jung Lin, Phd, CTRS, HTR
Present position: Associate professor, Graduate Institute of Sport, Leisure, and Hospitality Management, National Taiwan Normal University; President of Chinese Leisure Education and Therapeutic Recreation Association.
Experience: Certified Therapeutic Recreation Specialist (NCTRC), Horticulture Therapist Registered (AHTA)

Dr. Li-jung Lin earned her doctoral degree from the University of Minnesota, and her doctoral thesis focused on the effect of a life review program for Taiwan elderly with Alzheimer’s Disease. She starts her academic work in National Taiwan Normal University and conducted several research projects related to the aging population, particularly the people with dementia. Recently, Dr. Lin established the Chinese Leisure Education and Therapeutic Recreation Association and would like to advocate the leisure philosophy. The main mission of the association is to introduce leisure concept to the public and train the profession to deliver the leisure service to the people in need.





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