The Multi-Dimensionality of Group Cohesion: A Social Network Analysis of NOLS Courses


  • Jeremy Jostad The University of Utah
  • Karen Paisley The University of Utah
  • Jim Sibthorp The University of Utah
  • John Gookin National Outdoor Leadership School


Outdoor adventure education (OAE) provides a unique and dynamic context for small groups. Whether a group functions efficiently, both socially and technically, can be tied to the structure of the small group. Considering the development of relationships and community are some of the main drivers of student participation on OAE courses (Sammet, 2010; Sharpe, 2005), an outcome that is important to the well functioning of small groups is cohesion (Forsyth, 2010).