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A Case Study of the Rock Climbing Self-Efficacy of High School Students

Patrick Boudreau, Sandra Gibbons


The popularity of rock climbing continues to increase. However, little research is available on the pedagogy of rock climbing. This study explored the effect of learning activities in a school-based rock climbing program on students’ climbing self-efficacy. It used a case study design and data collection methods included (a) observations of the learning environment, (b) individual reflection journals, (c) focus group interviews, and (d) a course outline. Qualitative thematic analysis provided insight into (a) the type of learning environment conducive to improving climbing self-efficacy, (b) the influence of the sources of self-efficacy, and (c) the activities that were most efficient for the development of climbing self-efficacy. Findings indicate that effective learning activities should be meaningful, diversified, individualized, progressively challenging, and take place in a safe and collaborative environment.

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rock climbing; self-efficacy; adventure sport; pedagogy; physical education

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