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A Qualitative Investigation of PE Teachers Perceptions of Introductory/Warm-up Activities in K-12 PE

David C. Barney, Teresa Leavitt


A physical education lesson usually consists of four parts (introductory activity, fitness component, lesson focus, and closing game). The first part of the lesson, the introductory/warm-up activities, has the potential to set the tone for the rest of the lesson. It also provides an opportunity for students to get into instant activity upon entering the gym or playing field. This study investigated physical education (PE) teachers’ perceptions of introductory/warm-up activities in their physical education lessons. For this study, 26 K–12 PE teachers were interviewed through an electronic survey, which was e-mailed to the participants. Analysis of the interview data revealed four themes concerning introductory/warm-up activities: (1) importance of introductory/warm-up activities in a PE lesson, (2) the practical nature of the introductory/warm-up activities, (3) how introductory/ warm-up activities benefit students, and (4) using music to enhance the introductory/warm-up activities. Data show that introductory/ warm-up activities are an important aspect of any PE lesson that PE teachers use to prepare their students for the rest of the activities for the lesson.

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Introductory/Warm-up Activities; Physical Education; Management

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